Native frogs still struggling
New Zealand’s pepeketua/native frog species remain in trouble, according to the latest report on the conservation status of New Zealand’s amphibian species.
Conservation Minister Eugenie Sage said New Zealand’s three native frog species are different to frogs anywhere else in the world.
“New Zealand’s frogs have barely changed in 70 million years. They don’t croak like most frogs, they hatch as ‘froglets’ – almost fully formed frogs – rather than tadpoles, and their pupils are round rather than slit-shaped. The male Archey’s frog carries his offspring on his back.
“As with other native species, predators and habitat loss are threatening frogs with extinction. Current conservation efforts are helping these unique species. While the status of two frogs has improved, these improvements reflect better information rather than a noticeable improvement in numbers.
“Our frogs are just hanging on, there’s no doubt they’re still in grave danger.”
Eleven Hochstetter’s frog populations previously assessed separately have been combined into a single assessment for the report following new research that indicates their genetic distinctiveness is not sufficient to consider them as separate species.
Despite the merger Hochstetter’s frog is still classified as At Risk – Declining, reflecting the ongoing decline that is anticipated across all Hochstetter’s frog populations.
Archey’s frog has an improved status from Threatened – Nationally Vulnerable to At Risk – Declining. This change is due to a better understanding of likely population trends rather than observed increases in their populations.
Hamilton’s frog has changed from Threatened – Nationally Critical to Threatened – Nationally Vulnerable due to new genetic research indicating that two frog populations on different islands and previously considered as separate species are actually one species.
This report replaces the New Zealand Threat Classification System report on native frogs 2013.