The Report of the E-Learning Advisory Group March 2002 13/14

Steve Maharey Associate Minister of Education (Tertiary Education)

The Report of the E-Learning Advisory Group March 2002 13/14

Glossary

APEC

Asia-Pacific Economic Co-operation.

Asynchronous Content Development

Refers to
the process where various aspects of content are developed and delivered in
isolation from each other, or intermittently (e.g. email or material accessible
on-line).

Bandwidth

The transmission capacity of an
electronic line such as a communications network or computer bus. It can be
expressed in bits per second, bytes per second or in Hertz (cycles per second).

Broadband

High-speed transmission. The term
is commonly used to refer to communications lines or services at T1 rates (1.544
Mbps) and above.

Colleges of Education

Colleges of Education
are specialist institutions that provide teaching and research programmes to
support the development of pedagogy and teaching practice and associated social
and educational service roles. Whilst specialising in teacher education, a
college of education may also offer other courses. Colleges of Education are
required to exhibit one or more of the following characteristics:

  • To be primarily concerned with more advanced learning, the principal aim
    being to develop intellectual independence;
  • To undertake research and teaching that is closely interdependent, with most
    teaching being done by persons active in advancing knowledge;
  • To meet international standards of research and training;
  • To be a repository of knowledge and expertise; and
  • To accept a role as critic and conscience of society.

Courseware

Any type of instructional or educational software programmes.

Digital Learning Objects

Electronic
'stand-alone' information and learning packages which can be combined to provide
a variety of learning oppportunities. The learning objects may be as simple as
some pages of text or as sophisticated as a virtual tour of a museum.

Digital Divide

The term 'digital divide' has
been coined to describe the gap between those who can access information and
communication technology and those who cannot.

Distance Learning

Any type of educational
situation in which the teachers and students are separated by time, location or
both.

E-Education

E-Education involves e-teaching
and e-learning along with the various administrative and strategic resources
needed to support teaching and learning in an Internet environment. It will
incorporate a local, regional, national and international view of education.

E-Educators

E-educators are the new
generation of academic staff who work in an Internet environment in both regular
and virtual learning situations.

E-Learning

Learning that takes place in the
context of using the Internet and associated web-based applications as the
delivery medium for the learning experience.

Export Education

A transaction across borders
involving the provision of education services in exchange for financial
consideration. Cross-border supply, including distance education and e-learning,
may be provided across borders but without the movement internationally of
either students or teachers.

GATTS

General Agreement on Trade Tarriffs in
Services.

ICT

Information and Communications
Technology.

Kaupapa Maori

Refers to processes where Maori
beliefs and culture perspectives inform the development of initiatives.

Learning Object

Any entity, digital or
non-digital, that can be used, reused or referenced during technology-supported
learning. Examples of learning objects include multimedia content, instructional
context, instructional software and software tools that are referenced during
technology-supported learning.

Learnware

New media learning tools consisting
of computer software and courseware, including multimedia and interactive
programmes used in on-line learning.

On-line Learning

What occurs when education
and training (typically credit but also non-credit) are delivered and supported
by networks such as the Internet or intranets. Learning may be synchronous or
asynchronous. Learners are able to learn any time and any place.

Polytechnics

Polytechnics or 'institutes of
technology' are stateowned autonomous institutions that offer a wide diversity
of courses, including vocational training. Polytechnics also promote research,
particularly applied and technological research. As defined under the Education
Act 1989, polytechnics must exhibit one or more of the following
characteristics:

  • To be primarily concerned with more advanced learning, the principal aim
    being to develop intellectual independence;
  • To undertake research and teaching that is closely interdependent, with most
    teaching being done by persons active in advancing knowledge;
  • To meet international standards of research and teaching;
  • To be a repository of knowledge and expertise; and
  • To accept a role as critics and conscience of society.

Portal

A website that acts as a 'doorway' to
the Internet or a portion of the Internet, matching a person's needs to
available offerings.

SOCCI

Schools On-line Curriculum Content
Initiative an Australian initiative to develop school curriculum content.

Synchronous Content Development

Refers to a
process where various aspects of content are developed and delivered in
relationship with each other, or concurrently (e.g. group workshops, telephone
calls or on-line chat ).

TEAC

Tertiary Education Advisory Commission.

TEC

Tertiary Education Commission.

Tertiary Education

Tertiary education
comprises all involvement in postschool learning activities and includes
industry training and Adult and Community Education.

Tertiary Education Providers

Tertiary
education providers are all the institutions and organisations that provide
tertiary education. These include public tertiary education institutions (TEIs),
private training establishments (PTEs), other providers (OTEPs) and government
training establishments (GTEs).

Tertiary Education Institutions

Tertiary
education institutions (TEIs) are institutions that deliver higher educational
programmes to students. They are Crown entities and thus required to follow
public sector financial accountability processes. There are four kinds defined
in the Education Act 1989; universities, polytechnics, colleges of education and
Wananga. Each tertiary education institution is governed by its own council.

Universities

Universities are state-owned
autonomous institutions characterised by their engagement in a wide diversity of
teaching and research, especially at a higher level. Under the Education Act
1989, universities are required to have all the following characteristics:

  • To be primarily concerned with more advanced learning, the principal aim
    being to develop intellectual independence;
  • To undertake research and teaching that are closely interdependent, with
    most teaching done by persons active in advancing knowledge;
  • To meet international standards of research and teaching;
  • To be a repository of knowledge and expertise; and
  • To accept a role as critic and conscience of society.

Wananga

As defined in the Education Amendment
Act 1990, Section S162 (b)IV, Wananga are characterised by teaching and research
that maintains, advances, disseminates and assists the application of knowledge
regarding ahua Maori according to tikanga Maori.