NZ Immigration Programme to attract talent 3/4

Lianne Dalziel Immigration

The New Zealand Immigration Programme Before and After

Policy
Before
New Zealand
Immigration Programme
Approvals
38,000
(+/-
10%)
45,000 for 2001/02 and
maintained for three years.
(+/-10%)
New Residence
Streams
Ten separate
categories.
General Skills migrants have potential to be displaced by
migrants in family categories.
Three new streams operating
independently of each other with separate sub-approvals for each.
  • Skilled/Business Stream 60% of approvals
  • Family Sponsored Stream 32% of approvals
  • International/Humanitarian Stream 8% of approvals
Skilled/Business
Stream
Approvals in General Skills
Category act as the residual to make up approval numbers. Family sponsored
approvals are demand-driven.
Approvals for
Skilled/Business Stream are set at least at 60% of approvals or to around 27,000
per annum.
Passmark currently floats on
a weekly basis in response to demand for residence.
Passmark confirmed quarterly
by Minister of Immigration, providing more certainty.
The obligations of persons
providing sponsorship to applicants under the General Skills Category are not
enforced.
Sponsor to make a declaration
of undertaking under the Oaths and Declarations Act 1957. Sponsorship
undertaking will be enforced so that, when appropriate, legal action will be
taken to recover costs from sponsors who fail to honour their
obligations.
Family Sponsored
Stream
A dependent child includes
those aged up to 19 years.
Definition of dependent child
expanded to recognise financially dependent children up to and including 24
years.
"Centre of gravity" and
"alone in their home country" principles used to manage demand for residence
from parents of New Zealanders.
"Centre of gravity" and
"alone in their home country" principles remain. Definition of parent expanded
to include grandparents where parents are deceased and legal guardians where
parents are deceased.
Siblings and adult children
who are single and with no children who have no siblings or parents living in
the same country as them, are currently able to be sponsored under the Family
Category.
Siblings and adult children
who are single with no children who have no siblings or parents living in the
same country as them, are now required to obtain an offer of employment in New
Zealand in order to be sponsored.
Siblings who are married and
adult children who are married (and their dependants) who have no siblings or
parents living in the same country as them, are not eligible for sponsorship and
have to apply under other categories.
Siblings who are married and
adult children who are married (and their dependants) who have no siblings or
parents living in the same country as them, are eligible to be sponsored if they
have an offer of employment in New Zealand.
The number of
spouses/partners that can be sponsored is not limited to any time period between
applications.
The number of
spouses/partners that can be sponsored will be limited to two applications with
at least five years between them in cases involving
separation/divorce.
Family Category applicants
include:
  • Spouses
  • Partners
  • Dependent children:
    • 16 and younger who are single
    • Single 17-19 year olds with no children
  • Parents
  • Siblings & adult children who are single & with no
    children.
Family Sponsored Stream now
also includes:
  • Dependent children aged up to and including 24 years.
  • Grandparents/legal guardians where parents are deceased.
  • Married siblings/adult children and their dependents (if principal applicant
    has a job offer).
New Zealanders wishing to
sponsor their parents, adult children or siblings must be responsible for
providing accommodation and financial support for the first two years of the
sponsored relative's residence in New Zealand.
Sponsors must be responsible
for providing accommodation and financial support for the first two years of the
sponsored relative's residence in New Zealand. However, the sponsorship
undertaking will be enforced so that, when appropriate, legal action will be
taken to recover costs from sponsors who fail to honour their
obligations.
No residence time requirement
for sponsors.
Sponsors will need to be
resident in New Zealand for at least three years before they are eligible to
sponsor less dependent relatives. This is consistent with eligibility criteria
for sponsorship under the General Skills Category.
International/Humanitarian stream
Humanitarian
Category for family members of New Zealanders to be granted residence where
there are circumstances of serious physical or emotional harm. Category has
operated as a family reunion category.
Requires applicants who are related to
New Zealand residents to submit a psychiatric report showing they fit
predetermined physical or emotional hardship criteria.
Humanitarian Category closed
and replaced by the Family Quota in the Family Sponsored Stream, and various
categories in the International/Humanitarian Stream.
Family Quota established in
Family Sponsored stream with no psychiatric or specialist medical report
required. Family Quota is for parents, grandparents, siblings and adult children
of New Zealanders who do not qualify under any other residence category.Quota
size announced each year depending on number of approvals made under Family
Sponsored immigration policy overall.250 places available in
2001/02.
  New Domestic Violence Policy
in International/Humanitarian Stream.Enables ex-partners of New Zealanders to
apply for residence when their relationship has ended due to domestic violence,
and they cannot return home for cultural and social reasons.
New Refugee Family Sponsored
Policy in International/Humanitarian Stream.Three hundred places for family
members of New Zealand residents who are former refugees who are unable to gain
entry though any other category.Effective 1 July 2002.
- Refugee Quota (750)-
Refugee Status (demand driven, estimate 700)- Samoan Quota (1,100)
No change to these categories
in the International/Humanitarian Stream